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Depression


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You're
not alone
with
depression
Depression
is the
2nd
most common reason
for therapy

findatherapist.co.uk
04/08/2020
1,972
males

with depression
talk to therapists

findatherapist.co.uk
04/08/2020
2,042
females

with depression
talk to therapists

findatherapist.co.uk
04/08/2020
Depression is a mental health condition. It is also known as clinical depression, major depressive disorder and a depressive episode.

Symptoms

Which ones do you experience?
Thoughts
53
Disinterest
in activities
34
Distraction
or indecisiveness
24
Suicidality
recurrent attempts or thoughts
visit samaritans.org
Feelings
29
Agitation
53
Depression
emptiness, hopelessness, sadness
16
Distress
significant
34
Guilt
or worthlessness
37
Tiredness
Behaviours
21
Impairment
significant
37
Insomnia
or hypersomnia
30
Weight
gain or loss, or appetite increase or decrease

Causes

19
Genes
relative with depression
37
Events
triggers include bereavement, childbirth, loneliness, redundancy, separation
22
Traits
self-criticalness
31
Combination
of causes
A diagnosis can guide you to the right treatment. You can make an informed choice of treatment based on its advantages and disadvantages, its availability, your preferences, and if the depression is mild, moderate or severe. In treatment, you can review progress and decide to increase, reduce, change or stop sessions.

Diagnosis

Adults

For 2 (or more) weeks, most days:

Depression
emptiness, hopelessness, sadness
orDisinterestin activities
3 (or more) of:Agitation
Distraction
or indecisiveness
Distress
significant
orImpairmentsignificant
Guilt
or worthlessness
Insomnia
or hypersomnia
Suicidality
recurrent attempts or thoughts
visit samaritans.org
Tiredness
Weight
gain or loss, or appetite increase or decrease
Mild
few symptoms, mild impairment
Moderate
more symptoms, moderate impairment
Severe
many symptoms, severe impairment
Other
Symptoms are not due
to another condition or
a substance


For mild depression, nice.org.uk recommend a talking therapy and/or an antidepressant, and for moderate and severe depression a talking therapy and an antidepressant.
nice.org.uk recommends
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
for mild, moderate and severe
depression

More certain effectiveness
For negative thoughtsFocus on the presentAdults 16-20 sessions
Therapists

195 therapists
findatherapist.co.uk
04/08/2020
Thoughts
WorryAttention mindfulness. Practice 5 mins daily to benefit. Place a book in front of you. Look at the book cover, but think about a worry. Rate Anxiety
0
Look at the book cover and think about it. When thoughts wander, refocus on the book. When feelings occur, refocus on the book. Rerate Anxiety
0
WorryBreath mindfulness. Practice 5 mins daily to benefit. Think about a worry. Rate Anxiety
0
Inhale and exhale. Focus on the sensations of breathing. When thoughts wander, refocus on the sensations. Rerate Anxiety
0
Feelings
TensionNotice it, release it. Practice daily to benefit. Sit comfortably. Arms in lap, knees bent, feet on floor. Where do you feel tension?
Arms
Hands
Forehead
Eyes
Nose
Jaw
Neck
Shoulders
Back
Chest
Stomach
Legs
Feet
AnxietyBreathe well. Practice 1 min daily to benefit. Breathe deeply into stomach. Put 1 hand on chest. Aim to keep it still. Put 1 hand on stomach. Aim to let it rise and fall. Inhale through nose for 4 seconds. Hold for 1 second. Exhale through mouth for 4 seconds. Repeat.
AnxietyFeeling mindfulness. Practice 5 mins daily to benefit. Where do you feel anxiety?
Arms
Hands
Forehead
Eyes
Nose
Jaw
Neck
Shoulders
Back
Chest
Stomach
Legs
Feet
nice.org.uk recommends
Interpersonal Therapy
for mild, moderate and severe
depression

More certain effectiveness
For life eventsFocus on the past or presentAdults 16-20 sessions
Therapists

4 therapists
findatherapist.co.uk
04/08/2020
nice.org.uk recommends
Behavioural Activation
for mild and moderate
depression

More certain effectiveness
For negative behavioursFocus on the presentAdults 16-20 sessions
Therapists

1 therapist
findatherapist.co.uk
04/08/2020
nice.org.uk recommends
Counselling
for mild and moderate
depression

Less certain effectiveness
For life eventsFocus on the past or presentAdults 6-10 sessions
Therapists

604 therapists
findatherapist.co.uk
04/08/2020
nice.org.uk recommends
Psychodynamic Therapy
for mild and moderate
depression

Less certain effectiveness
For personal dynamicsFocus on the past or presentAdults 16-20 sessions
Therapists

97 therapists
findatherapist.co.uk
04/08/2020

writer_photo
Written by Richard Snowdon
Updated 04 August 2020
Next check 01 January 2021
Sources

Statistics findatherapist.co.uk Symptoms Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition Causes NHS Diagnosis Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition Medication National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Cognitive Behavioural Therapy National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Interpersonal Therapy National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Behavioural Activation National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Counselling National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Psychodynamic Therapy National Institute for Health and Care Excellence